Tijuana’s electrical infrastructure

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Baja California’s electrical infrastructure consists of nine power plants and 28 generators. By type of generation technology used there are four geothermal power plants, three turbo gas plants, one combined cycle plant and one steam plant.

There is a total of 28 of generator units in the state of Baja California out of these 13 units are geothermal, 7 are turbo gas plants, and 6 are steam plants, the only steam plant that operates in the entity. The installed capacity increased by 10 MW in the combined cycle plant this is because of the installation and operation of a wind farm in the Rumorosa area.

The plants, substations, and transmission lines are distributed in two zones, the Coastline, located in the Tijuana-Rosarito Area and the Valley region which is located in Mexicali said network is connected to California through these two lines.

The power generation capacity in Baja California is a little more than 3,000 MW in both public and private services.

Natural growth has been used as fuel for the growth of installed electrical capacity: this fuel source substituted the geothermal source which accounted for 75% of installed capacity back in 1990. Currently, this represents only 27%. The combined cycle units operating with natural gas already represent 48% of the installed capacity.

There are two main electricity production centers in the state, the “Presidente Juárez Central Thermoelectric Plant” located in Rosarito, and the “Cerro Prieto Central Geothermal” located in Mexicali.

Thanks to its geographic location Baja California is in a strategic area, the state is affiliated to the energy market of “Western System Council Coordinator” which is interconnected with the system of the American union through two connections of 230 KW located in the Cities of Tijuana and Mexicali.

Tijuana is provided with electricity through Mexicali (geothermal) and Rosarito Beach (thermoelectric) plants. The energy charge is given per Kilowatts per hour KW / h and varies based on the types of rates chosen and consumption.

For companies to gain a greater advantage of these rates, it is necessary to schedule their working hours, which means that some businesses must change some peak hours for primary or intermediate hours in the regular work schedule. With this excessive use of lights on and unnecessary machinery use can be avoided in the normal work schedule, which will ultimately mean a significant reduction in operating costs.

With the energy reform initiative in the country, direct benefits are anticipated for the companies’ finances, because when there is a greater competition and diversity of generating sources, the light rates will be lower.

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